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Ecotourism

Eco-enthusiasts will find plenty to explore just beyond Varadero’s well-developed resorts. Take in the wetlands, lagoons, prehistoric caves and even a UNESCO biosphere.

Biospheres

Zapata Peninsula Biosphere Reserve

Zapata Peninsula Biosphere Reserve

One of Cuba's six UNESCO biospheres, the Zapata reserve contains the largest wetlands in the Caribbean, and not surprisingly, one of its most diverse ecosystems. Bring your binoculars: the world's smallest bird, the bee hummingbird, makes its home here.


National Parks

Gran Parque Natural Montemar (formerly Parque Nacional Ciénaga de Zapata)

Gran Parque Natural Montemar (formerly Parque Nacional Ciénaga de Zapata)

Part of the Zapata Peninsula Biosphere, this vast wetland is teeming with wildlife. Not to be missed: Laguna de las Salinas, with its spectacular parade of pink flamingos.

Reserva Ecológica Varahicacos (Varahicacos Ecological Reserve)

Reserva Ecológica Varahicacos (Varahicacos Ecological Reserve)

Covering about 30 per cent of the total area of the Hicacos Peninsula, this park contains the Cueva de Musalmanes, remarkable for its 2,500-year-old human remains and giant cactus.


Nature

Cueva Ambrosio (Ambrosio Cave)

Cueva Ambrosio (Ambrosio Cave)

This stunning 300-metre cave is a well-preserved archeological site featuring approximately 47 pre-Columbian drawings.

Cuevas de Bellamar (Bellmar Caves)

Cuevas de Bellamar (Bellmar Caves)

Located on the outskirts of Matanzas, these caves are among the Caribbean’s largest and most beautiful underground formations.

Josone's Oasis

Josone's Oasis

Row your boat, ride the minitrain or wander at will through lush tropical vegetation in the gardens, groves and lagoons of this public park.