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Ecotourism

Pinar del Río is bursting with ecotourism delights. Hike to the spectacular El Salto waterfall, take a guided tour of Cuba’s largest cave system, book an excursion from Las Terrazas, explore the inside of a mogote, watch as ox-drawn ploughs make their way through the region’s fertile tobacco farms, or see a 270 million-year-old fossil.

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Biospheres

Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve

Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve

Take a guided hike through the tropical forests in Cuba’s first biosphere reserve, recognized in 1985. Watch out for one of the world’s smallest frogs and the colourful, pocket-sized reptile, the chipojo.

Península de Guanahacabibes Biosphere Reserve

Península de Guanahacabibes Biosphere Reserve

This sprawling reserve covers 121,572 hectares, including the Guanahacabibes National Park. Its diverse vegetation comprises mangroves, marsh grasslands, coastal scrublands and forests. Wildlife includes 40 bird species, as well as an abundance of local jutía and iguanas.


National Parks

Parque Nacional de Viñales

This picturesque valley was named a UNESCO World Cultural and Landscape Site in 1999, thanks to bucolic farms and villages set against the region's iconic limestone mogotes.


Nature

Cueva del Indio

Enjoy a boat ride on the underground river that runs through this huge cavern. It is illuminated, so you can get a good look at the inside of a mogote.

Tobacco Farms

Watch ox-drawn ploughs make their way through the beautiful valleys that grow Cuba’s best tobacco.

Cueva de los Portales

Cueva de los Portales

Study the various stalagmites and stalactites in this 100-foot-high cavern, which now houses a museum.

Las Terrazas

This mountain community of artists and organic farmers is Cuba’s first sustainable village. There are hiking trails to stunning waterfalls, sparkling mineral springs and lush coffee farms. Stay at the Hotel La Moka, which specializes in eco-excursions.

Gran Caverna de San Tomás

Take a guided tour of Cuba’s largest cave system. Spread out over eight levels, the 46-km cave system is home to bats, underground pools and a replica of an ancient mural.

Soroa

Hike to the spectacular El Salto waterfall, or climb atop Mirador de Venus for panoramic views. Botanical experts have identified 1,000 species of exotic plants here; one hillside garden boasts 750 different types of orchids alone.