Trova Tradicional Cubana
The Trovadores or itinerant singer-songwriters of the early 20th century went from town to town performing traditional ballads called Trova. The first master Trova composer was Sindo Garay, whose work has been sung and recorded many times. Like Pepe Sanchez, Garay was musically illiterate; but his scores were meticulously recorded by others, allowing his talent to be carried forward to modern times.
In the 1960s and 1970s Nueva Trova moved beyond the simple romantic ballad into folk-inspired protest songs.
The music of Cuba is largely based on its cultural origins in Europe and Africa. The arrival on the island of thousands of African slaves over the course of three hundred years created a wealth of new musical forms. Deeply rooted in African rhythms, the country’s distinctive music owes its melodic power to its Spanish colonial heritage. The lively, energetic Cuban sound has profoundly influenced musical styles throughout the world, an impact that continues to this day. Distinct dance forms, related to specific types of music, over time have cross-pollinated, evolving into new styles of expression.