Baracoa is an ideal destination for eco-tourists, thanks to its pristine natural attractions ranging from one of the best-preserved mountainous ecosystems in the Caribbean to spectacular caves and a spectacularly high waterfall.
Cuchillas de Toa
Spend an afternoon at this UNESCO biosphere reserve. As one of the world’s last untouched rainforests, it boasts a large number of endangered plant and animal species, including the Cuban land snail, which is about two inches in diametre with striking spirals of colour.
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park
This UNESCO site, the heart of the Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve, is located 40 km northwest of Baracoa. Widely recognized as the best- preserved mountainous ecosystem in the Caribbean, it is full of diverse flora and fauna, which prompted UNESCO to declare it “one of the most biologically diverse tropical island sites on earth.” It was named after German explorer Alexander Von Humboldt, who first arrived here in 1801.
Cueva del Aguas (Cave of Waters)
Bring your bathing suit: this cave contains a cool, freshwater lagoon. After you take a dip, you can make your way up the hillside to an archaeological trail that boasts great ocean views, as well as more caves.
El Yunque (The Anvil)
No visit to Baracoa is complete without a visit to the region’s famous tabletop mountain covered in rich vegetation. It rises 575 metres above sea level and is situated between the banks of the Duaba and Toa rivers.
Stop by Salto Fino to see the Caribbean’s highest waterfall. At 305 metres high, it’s the 20th highest water chute in the world, propelled by a sudden drop in the Arroyo del Infierno (Hell’s Stream).
Cactus lovers, unite. This huge garden grows 2,000 cacti in this semi-arid southern region along the Guantánamo-Baracoa highway.
Go bird watching along Cuba’s third-largest river that serves as an important plant and bird habitat.
Walk along the aromatic cocoa trail surrounding this farm that houses a rachon-style restaurant.